Home > Japan > Japan’s 3-phase disaster logistics plan explained – Logistics update 4/3

Japan’s 3-phase disaster logistics plan explained – Logistics update 4/3

ALAN is providing daily updates from Ms. Hikaru Kajita, a CSCMP member in Japan. Additional information and a link to relief needs is available at http://www.ALANaid.org.

“At this weekend when three weeks passed from the disaster, there was no movement of the government about logistics. In the other hand, specialists of nuclear power plant accident such as Marine Corps in the US, Areva of France support was begun.

About the disaster transportation, Japan’s disaster management plan assumed these 3 phases.

Phase 1 (disaster to 2 days)
– Persons and goods concerning rescue and medical services
– Persons for expansion prevention of disaster like firefighting operation etc.
– Emergency restoration traffic restriction in the over the road hauling facilities and shipping terminal necessary for urgent transportation
– Persons and goods concerning regulation of traffic
Phase 2 (3 days to 1 week)
– Goods necessary for life support such as food and water
– Transportation outside the sick person from stricken areas
– Persons and goods necessary for emergency restoration of transportation facilities
Phase 3 (after 1 week)
– Persons necessary for disaster recovery
– Goods necessities of life

This disaster size was 2 to 3 times larger than our estimation. Because this disaster was spread large area, these plans were late. Emergency restoration traffic restriction took about 2 weeks. Transportation of goods necessary for life support started after 3 days from disaster, but effusing smoothly after for 2 weeks.

In disaster management plan, Japan defined 4 levels stock.
1 Home (or business office) stock: more than 3 day’s foods, water and other life goods
2 City and Prefecture Municipal stock: more than 3 day’s foods, water and other life goods
3 Wholesaler and retailer stock: Prefecture government contract several company to promise smooth distribution
4. Donation
In tsunami stricken area, many house and city municipals ware washed out. In addition, many peoples living in metropolitan area didn’t stock so they rushed to by after the disaster. Prefecture level stock and donation couldn’t transport because of road damage and fuel shortage. Wholesaler and retailer stock also didn’t work because of warehouse damage and transportation limitation.

One larger factor for confusing necessity goods distribution is the information flow. Japan’s disaster logistics system was assumed to start from the request of each city municipal. Tsunami washed some city municipals and their worker. The flow of information was obstructed.

These troubles will be analyzed and disaster management plan will be refined near future. Anyway, Japan’s disaster transportation is now in phase 3.”

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