Why don’t we play by the rules?

April 2, 2013 Leave a comment

by Jock Menzies, President, American Logistics Aid Network

I participated in a panel on Private-Public partnering in disaster response earlier this week in Washington. The panel following featured academics and representatives of the Voluntary Organizations Active in Disaster (VOAD) community, the groups usually providing the survivors needed services. One of the academics held out that a significant issue is the failure of groups and individuals to understand and abide by the established “roles and responsibilities” that responders have. With this thinking we leave the Red Cross and Salvation Army to “mass care” functions, food supply to Feeding America and other groups have their functional silos.

Would that it were so. “Ready, fire, aim” is very much the mode in our social media powered GIS and web enabled world. In the Superstorm Sandy response a de novo group “Occupy Sandy” became a serious player deploying more than 65,000 volunteers and quickly raising more than a million dollars. Government agencies and the VOAD community are coming to terms with this new dynamic. In fact it is likely not that new but just more visible and with technology more scale-able.

Agility isn’t easy for government, established VOAD’s or we in business. Structure is important and there are formal protocols that have been shared and adopted nationally regarding how to manage large “incidents.” Nevertheless we are seeing an evolution in this space as in the rest of our worlds. FEMA now comes to ALAN to ask us to help Occupy Sandy with logistics support needs. The Red Cross has developed a program for “Community Volunteers” to enroll the capacity of spontaneous volunteers’ eager to help their neighbors.

Stay tuned as we learn to better channel the goodwill and caring that flows from these “extreme events.” For a real challenge sort out how to stem or put to good use the 2nd Disaster of spontaneous donations of inappropriate stuff that gums up straining supply channels after these events.

Japan rail transportation restarted, large scale temporary housing planned – Logistics Update 4/25

April 25, 2011 Leave a comment

ALAN is providing updates on the Japan logistics situation from Ms. Hikaru Kajita, a CSCMP member in Japan. ALAN continues to work with our partners to support the relief efforts in Japan. Additional information on ALAN is available at ALANaid.org

“Today, Tohoku Shinkansen (Super Express Train) from Fukushima to Sendai was restarted. It came to be able to go from Tokyo to Sendai in two hours. On 29th, from Sendai to Ichinoseki will be restarted, so it will connect Tokyo to Aomori in four hours. Time until operating again the Sinkansen is much earlier than Kobe and Chuetsu earthquake. The restoration of the Shinkansen is expected contributing to the tourism industry in Tohoku district.

As of today, it has been understood that 68,493 houses were completely destroyed, 25,567 houses were destroyed partially, and 8,675 houses were flooded by the Great East Japan Earthquake. From request base of victims, 72,290 temporary houses construction are needed. Japan government plans to offer 30,000 within two months, and offer 30,000 within next three months. MLIT pay effort of procurement of materials and land for the temporary houses, and solving of supply-demand gap.

Now, 2,396 temporary houses were completed. Supplying 60 items of household utensil for each temporary house was started: These are sanitary goods (shampoo, soaps, toothbrush, toilet paper, washbowls), kitchen goods (teacup, chopsticks, plates, knife, sauce ladle, cutting board, detergent, lap, garbage box), washing and cleaning supply (broom, dustpan, detergent, dustcloth, wash-line pole, suspender), first aid outfit (plaster, clinical thermometer, nail clipper, cotton bud), outer and inner clothes, beddings, and clocks. In each prefecture’s disaster management plan, prefecture government contract to the specific retailer for supplying them.

About Fukushima daiichi nuclear plant accident, Japan Government announced new designated evacuation areas: “Precaution district”, “Premeditated shelter district”, and “Shelter preparation district in emergency”. About 78,000 peoples were lived in “Precaution district”. People in this area have been taking shelter almost as putting on since March 11. About 10,500 peoples living in “Premeditated shelter district” should evacuate to the end of May, however, house moving transporter doesn’t undertake the move of this region. People have been perplexed. In “Shelter preparation district in emergency”, about 67,000 peoples are living. They are regaining ordinal life.”

Report issued on Japan disaster logistics; volunteer needs posted; unique person to person relief efforts – Update 4/18

April 18, 2011 Leave a comment

ALAN is providing updates on the Japan logistics situation from Ms. Hikaru Kajita, a CSCMP member in Japan. ALAN continues to work with our partners to support the relief efforts in Japan. Additional information on ALAN is available at ALANaid.org

“It has come to often take up the volunteer work with TV.

“Fumbaro” East Japan Support Project has very unique scheme. One volunteer in the stricken city gather support goods request, who want what and their address, and send e-mail to the project office. Project office ask anyone to support the request via blog, twitter, or amazon. And someone send the requested things direct to the person that they request. The project started at Sanriku-Takada town, and the object cities has extended gradually. Since one month or more passes from the earthquake, what for the victim hopes now shifts to the one used in usual life, like outer wear, child-seat, or toys.
http://translate.google.co.jp/translate?hl=ja&sl=ja&tl=en&u=http%3A%2F%2Ffumbaro.org%2Fabout%2Fabout.html

Japan Civil Network for Disaster Relief in East Japan is a portal site which can search where, which work that volunteer is needed.
http://translate.google.co.jp/translate?hl=ja&sl=ja&tl=en&u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.jpn-civil.net%2F

Nittsu Research Institute and Consulting, which is a subsidiary of Nippon Express, issued the logistics report “The Way of ‘Disaster Logistics’ for Large and Wide Area Earthquake”. It issued part 1 this time, and it will continue to the next report.
http://translate.google.co.jp/translate?hl=ja&sl=ja&tl=en&u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.nittsu-soken.co.jp%2Freport%2Flogistics%2Freport15.html”

Despite damages, logistics businesses contribute to recovery in Japan – Update 4/14

April 15, 2011 Leave a comment

ALAN is providing updates on the Japan logistics situation from Ms. Hikaru Kajita, a CSCMP member in Japan. ALAN continues to work with our partners to support the relief efforts in Japan. Additional information on ALAN is available at ALANaid.org

“It is assumed that the possibility that the earthquake of M8 class occurs is high on the east side of the source region of a East Japan great earthquake, and two or more research laboratories advance the analysis. There is danger where the earthquake with a tsunami reappears within one month if it is early.

Mr. Makoto Kigawa, president of Yamato Holdings talked about the damage situation of a East Japan great earthquake at the press conference held in the MLIT on April 7th. As of the date, 11 offices are destroyed, 5 are unavailable by the earthquake and the tsunami. 4 offices are unavailable because of 30 km range by the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant. 50 vehicles were depreciation disposal, about 100 vehicles need to repair. 5 employees are dead or missing. Yamato announced to contribute 10 yen per 1 parcel for revival.

Nikkei Business Online carries the article on Yamato, which title is “Ten days of Yamato Transport – Drivers’ Pride Supported Restoration”. Drivers acted voluntarily aiming at restoration. The driver in the local office of the off queued up in the gas station for securing the fuel. Local offices delivered the rescue supply even to a small refuge autonomously. By employee’s these effort, the business in the stricken area was able to be restarted 10 days from the disaster.

The cooperation corps of about 50 people in Yamato works with about 50 self-defense force officials in the temporally warehouse in Kesennuma City, Miyagi now. The warehouse is a distribution center of the rescue supply. Transportation of goods to Kesennuma from the Miyagi Prefecture Center is done by the Self Defence Fource, and the role of Yamato is to sort and deliver to each refuge.

http://business.nikkeibp.co.jp/article/topics/20110411/219397/?ST=print (Japanese only)”

Japan plans logistics of temporary housing

April 12, 2011 Leave a comment

ALAN is providing updates on the Japan logistics situation from Ms. Hikaru Kajita, a CSCMP member in Japan. ALAN continues to work with our partners to support the relief efforts in Japan. The Humanitarian Alliance is working to locally source items to respond to these needs. Additional information on ALAN is available at ALANaid.org

“Yesterday morning, M6.3 earthquake occurred near Chiba, which is adjacent to Tokyo. Larger than M3 earthquake has still occurred many times.

Japan government already decides to build 70,000 temporary houses. To April 11th, 10,279 are planned to construct, starting to construct, or completed. To April 12th, the procuring lands for 26,000 temporary houses are prospected: Iwate 12,000, Miyagi 10,000 and Fukushima, 4,000. House maker already arranged the materials securing 30,000 houses. Fore the revival of the disaster area, the construction entrepreneur chooses from local. The government is examining the temporary houses construction of 10,000 by the addition.

To build 60,000 temporary houses is a large project.

Procuring of site:
Find the prospected sites, find the owner of them, negotiation with owner.
Leveling the land:
To procure site for huge amount of house, planed the mountain is needed in Iwate.
Electricity, waterworks, and drainage are needed to maintain.
Preparing materials for the house:
Domestic plywood factories are hard to produce such amount.
Capacity of the house maker production is about 30,000 within 2 months.
Construction:
Arrangement of carpenters, electric and water equipment workers
Arrangement of heavy equipment and tools
Arrangement of material transportation
Procuring equipments:
Refrigerators, air conditioners, gas tables, and washing machines are needed.

Preparing 30,000 houses within 2 months is already big project. However, demand is 70,000. 40,000 families should live for two months or more in the refuge.”

Logistics situation recovery continues despite nuclear concerns – Update 4/11

April 12, 2011 Leave a comment

ALAN is providing updates on the Japan logistics situation from Ms. Hikaru Kajita, a CSCMP member in Japan. ALAN continues to work with our partners to support the relief efforts in Japan. The Humanitarian Alliance is working to locally source items to respond to these needs. Additional information on ALAN is available at ALANaid.org

“Yesterday, on April 11th 17:16 PM, M7.1 earthquake occurred near Fukushima. From the time to now, larger than M3 earthquake occurred near Fukushima more than 20 times. By this earthquake, three people died. Fortunately, I am not sure whether this expression is appropriate, the situation of Fukushima Daiichi nuclear electric plant keeps the same. No damage on transportation.

Yesterday, Japan Government started to examine Fukushima Daiichi nuclear electric plant accident to be INES level 7, which is the same as Chernobyl. However, the radiation effect is limited to the area near Hamadori area in Fukushima. Tokyo is safe, Fukushima Nakadori and Aizu area are safe, Miyagi and Iwate prefectures are safe, even west Japan area has almost no effect of radiation. “

Logistics lessons learned from earthquake; Japan private sector supports relief – Update 4/10

April 10, 2011 Leave a comment

ALAN is providing updates on the Japan logistics situation from Ms. Hikaru Kajita, a CSCMP member in Japan. ALAN continues to work with our partners to support the relief efforts in Japan. The (Humanitarian Alliance is working to locally source items to respond to these needs. Additional information on ALAN is available at ALANaid.org

About the earthquake of April 7th, all houses where electricity had been restored before the earthquake were restored. Railroads which had been restored before the earthquake will be restored within this week.

One month has passed from the Great East Japan Earthquake. From this disaster, we learned many things. Because this disaster is as large from 2 to 3 times the past one, the progress of the plan hangs by about the twice the plan. About tsunami and nuclear electric plant accident, we focused to prevent, we recognized that the disaster management plan of these two are weak.

The damages of the individual residential house by earthquake were few, since Tohoku and Kanto were provided in the earthquake. But the houses where the damage of the tsunami had been received were almost thrown. Therefore, it was hypothermia and a chronic disease medicine that was wanted by an urgent medical treatment.

We learnt the ideal way of the support goods again.
Phase 1: Disaster to 1 week (For heavy disaster, to 2 week)
Life support goods such as water, instant foods, blanket, towels, stove and fuels, masks.
Baby and elder person care, such as diaper, milk powder, wet tissue, liquid diet.
Partitions for keeping privacy in the refuge such as tent and cardboard.
Phase 2: 1 week to 2 week (For heavy disaster, to 3 week)
Commodity goods such as fresh foods, sauce and seasoning, soap, shampoo, tooth brush and paste, face care, underwear, etc.
Hot meals, hot bath services, and their equipments.
Tools for individual victims restoration such as rubber boots, rubber glove, dust mask, hatchet, saw, shovel, cart, high pressure washer, mop.
Tools for city read restoration.
Phase 3: After 2 week (For heavy disaster, after 3 week)
Hot meals, hot bath services, and their equipments.
Commodity
Equipments for temporary house such as gas table, stove, air conditioner, TV, washing machine, rice cooker, etc.

Nippon Keidanren works fro relief supplies donation. All Nippon Airway (ANA) and NYK take the scheme of the transportation part. Now, it asks to member enterprises to donate phase 3 supporting goods.
http://www.keidanren.or.jp/